“Young Goodman Brown”, “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”, and “The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde” are the Gothic Literature written in the Nineteenth Century. In this Gothic Literature, certain things are very common like supernatural events, good and evil characters, and mystery of the stories. However, these stories are very different from each other, but with a similar concept of the character’s own inherently malevolent nature. Authors of each story mention that how characters are corrupted over time and these stories imply that the person can be corrupted by their own selfishness to achieve power and freedom from the society. In the conscious or unconscious state, all the main characters have the purpose of the rebel against their religious faith, against society, and against themselves, but they are failed which indicates that all the characters are coward. The strength of men and isolating a profound quality from their inalienably malignant nature.
The corruptibility of the individual from Puritan culture’s unmistakable quality of community morals. The story of “Young Goodman Brown” mentions how Goodman Brown feels lost and corrupted by evil beneath himself because he wants freedom from his puritan private religious faith. Young Goodman Brown mentions, “of all nights in the year, this one must I tarry away from thee” (Hawthorne 1). Goodman Brown decides to leave his wife faith alone at home and starts the journey of sin. Even though he has decided to come to the forest and meet the devil, he still rejects to go with him and join the evil path. In the story, Young Goodman Brown hides from everyone he sees and hears such as Goody Cloyse, the minister of the church, and Deacon Gookin. Because he is uncertain how others feel about his faith if they see Goodman Brown with the devil. Until then Goodman Brown has the conviction that he and around him all the people are deep-rooted religious. This implies that a person who depends on other’s opinion about their religious faith can be easily weakened. At the point when Brown discovers that his ancestor’s and people who he trails entirely his life are all in the association with the fiend, he decides to join the detestable way. Goodman Brown says, “There is no good on earth, and sin is but a name. come the devil; for to thee is this world gave” (Hawthorne 5). Young Goodman Brown is devastated by the fact that the people who he follows are nothing but just the moral human beings with selfishness. In this context, Hawthorne mentions that the risk of having a civilization on moral principle and religious faith is nothing but lies. In fact, the members of this society do not have their own moral decisions. At the point when individuals tail others on the name of religious confidence, around then their conviction winds up feeble and rootless.
The corruptibility of the individual for his desire to get power and wealth. The story of “legend of sleepy hollow” mentions how an outsider like, Ichabod Crane is yearning and needs to climb the stairs of accomplishment rapidly and builds up competition in transit. Irving demonstrates, “From the moment Ichabod laid his eyes upon these regions of delight, the peace of his mind was at an end, and his only study was how to gain the affections of the peerless daughter of Van Tassel” (Irving 16). In the Novel, Irving mentions Ichabod as a selfish person who falls for Van Tassel’s daughter Katrina because he believes that he is qualified for the land, and he will utilize Katrina as a vehicle to accomplish his longing. She is just a commodity for him to gain access to a wealth of Van Tassel. Even Ichabod envisions himself auctioning off her family’s homestead once it would be in his ownership, for cash. Ichabod is simply a voracious and self-denied individual, who looks for only fortune and higher social position in the sleepy hollow region. It is additionally referenced that how Ichabod streams and issues inside himself, and the substance of manly dominion is in the sleepy hollow. In the journey, Ichabod finds his rival Brom Bones who is very famous in the town and in the race of marrying Katrina. Irving mentions, “Brom Van Brunt, the hero of the country round, which rang with his feats of strength and hardihood” (Irving 18). Brom Bones is famous for his clamorous identity, love of tricks, and extraordinary aptitude at horseback riding- all of which make him something of a town hero. Brom knows that he could not frighten Ichabod with his physical encounter, so Bones plays a prank with Ichabod in order to make a clear way of marrying Katrina. Ichabod is very fascinated with the story of headless horsemen and he always hears this story from the women of the village, so Brom Bones takes advantages of Ichabod’s unrealistic vision. Ichabod Crane is a somewhat comedic and absurd hero. This comes, to a great extent, from the quality of his creative energy, and this prompts his destruction.
The corruptibility of the individual from
his own alter ego. In the story of “the strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr.
Hyde” mentions that Dr. Jekyll creates Mr. Hyde for his desire to be free.
Stevenson argues, “Hence, although I had now two characters as well as two
appearances, one was wholly evil, and the other was still the old Henry Jekyll,
that incongruous compound of whose improvement and development I had already
learned to despair” (Stevenson 79).Dr. Jekyll is a very respected character,
so he makes a potion to isolate his craving for his innately malignant nature.
Dr. Jekyll is still lived inside Mr. Hyde, Even though he changes into Edward
Hyde by drinking potions. This narrative is also indicating that Dr. Jekyll is
the biggest coward than other characters. Jekyll attests that “man isn’t really
one, however, two,” and he envisions the
human spirit as the battleground for a “good,” and a “devil,” each battling for
authority. In any case, his potions, which he trusted would isolate and refine
every component, succeeds just in bringing the clouded side into being- Hyde
rises, however, he has no celestial
partner. Once released, Hyde gradually assumes control, until Jekyll stops to
exist. Whenever transformation is complete, and Hyde converted into Dr. Jekyll,
he recalls the pernicious consideration and acts that his other personality commits.
Stevenson argues, “I saw that, of the two natures that contended in the field
of my consciousness, even if I could rightly be said to be either, it was only
because I was radically both;” (Stevenson 74). Dr. Jekyll is mixed up: man
isn’t “truly two” however is a matter of first importance the crude animal
encapsulated in Hyde. Brought under provisional control by human advancement,
law, and the inner voice. As per this hypothesis, the potion is just stripping
away the enlightened façade, uncovering man’s basic nature. Mr. Hyde is a committed
crime of killing an innocent man, a parliament
member Mr. Carew. After this incident, Dr. Jekyll tries to hide Mr. Hyde from the
outer world, and he also does not have the
courage to talk about his conditions to others
which indicates that Dr. Jekyll is a coward. Ultimately, he suicides to show
his malevolent nature to others.
The quality of men and segregating significant quality from their unavoidably threatening nature. In conscious or the oblivious express, all the principal characters have the reason for the renegade against their religious confidence, against society, and against themselves, yet they are fizzled which demonstrates that every one of the characters is defeatist. In the stories, we can see the corruptibility of the individual from their own malevolent nature. In the story “Young Goodman Brown” indicates that a person can be deceived by their own people and religious faith. In the story “The legend of sleepy hollow” indicates that person can be defeated by their own selfishness, and in the story of “The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde” indicates that person can be defeated by their own alter ego.